This could also have been a list of groups individually targeted by the “Campaign to Re-elect the President”.
If anything won the President another four years in the Oval Office then it was the ability of his team to get people out to vote.
In the face of an unemployment rate hovering around the psychologically important 8 per cent mark, anaemic economic growth, a hostile Congress and a well funded opponent, Obama’s chances should have been slim to none.
But he won and with a margin of victory that almost matched his success four years ago. This really was a triumph of efficient marketing, a triumph of effective, data-driven targeting.
From a marketing perspective, the campaign started as classically as any new product launch. Positioning. Not positioning the President, however, but positioning his opponent. TV ad after ad attempted to paint Mitt Romney as an out of touch rich man who had made his fortune in a private equity company that made thousands unemployed.
This worked to the first presidential debate in Denver last month when Romney’s performance established him at best as a viable alternative at worst, not the ogre that Obama campaign had sought to paint him.
It was, however, not enough. Obama’s success was in corralling groups of voters- the “Rainbow coalition” as some have described it – to vote. The way his campaign team achieved this was through data.
There is a particularly rich stream of data available to political campaign teams. Opinion poll responses, voter registration information, previous allegiances all add up to provide a campaign with a strong sense of what matters to a voter. It also, of course, provides them with the perhaps the most crucial piece of information – where they live.
Real time bidding on a run of display ads pinpointing the issues that mattered to any particular group of voters was used by the Obama camp, mining the available data, as was other DM using social media, mobile and mail.
This was a persistent and ultimately successful tactic that collected votes, one by one, under the radar and certainty far away from the TV campaigns. Data-driven, targeted marketing, DM, was as responsible for winning this election as any TV attack ad.