Diet Coke sales overtake classic Coke as the soft drinks giant navigates the sugar tax
Coca-Cola has successfully navigated the initial introduction of the sugar tax by focusing on its low sugar variants, but it will need to do more to do turn around a long-term trend of declining sales.
Diet Coke sales have overtaken classic Coca-Cola with sales figures showing that the low-sugar variant’s rebrand has had an impact, although the company still faces the challenge of returning to long-term growth.
The soft drinks giant saw an instant boost in Diet Coke sales in the week after the rebrand, with sales hitting £10.9m in the week ending 24 February 2018, ahead of sales of classic Coca-Cola at £10.76m, according to figures from market research company, IRI.
Compare this to the week before, when Diet Coke sales were at £10.4m and classic Coca-Cola £10.65m. The data shows Coca-Cola value sales were higher than Diet Coke every week for the past year until the brand overhaul and subsequent introduction of the sugar tax. Since then they have diverged with Diet Coke sales increasing at a faster rate than classic Coke.
This trend continued into May, with Diet Coke value sales hitting £13.7m while classic Coke was at £11.4m in the week ending 19 May, highlighting the growing sales gap between the two.
Carl Carter, head of media and connected consumer solutions and innovation at IRI, says: “Since February there has seen a significant shift of shoppers switching into Diet Coke, which has seen major volume gains away from Coca Cola’s standard variant.”
Coca-Cola has also seen its total sales return to growth. The figures show value sales were on a gradual decline over 2017 (ignoring a big leap at Christmas). However since the end of January they have returned to growth.
The rebrand and shift in focus at Coca-Cola is also having an impact on consumer perceptions of the products. YouGov BrandIndex data shows that Diet Coke’s Impression score, which measures if people have a more positive or negative feeling toward the brand, has risen by seven points since the beginning of the year to a score of 57; that is also the highest it has been in 12 months.
People are also hearing positive things about the brand. Diet Coke’s Buzz score, a balance of positive and negative consumer views, currently stands at 14, a rise of five points.
Looking at how the brand’s perception is holding up compared to the competition, Diet Coke’s Quality score of 11 sits six points above Pepsi on a score of five and Diet Pepsi on two. Diet Coke is also top of the ‘carbonated drinks’ sector in terms of Purchase Consideration with a score of 22.
Diet Coke rebrand has an impact
The results come after the soft drinks giant heavily invested in rebranding Diet Coke in the UK. That involved a packaging redesign, a £10m advertising campaign and the introduction of new flavours including exotic mango and feisty cherry. The sleeker, slimmer cans with a new logo began rolling out in stores earlier in the year, with the campaign launched in mid February.
That advertising campaign was targeted at millennials, with the television spot telling consumers to do what they want “because I can”. This was supported with activations including bus advertising and digital marketing.
Aedamar Howlett, marketing director for Coca-Cola GB and Ireland, told Marketing Week at the time: “What’s slightly different this time round is our investment is flipped slightly differently because it’s not only about continuing [to connect to] our VIP brand fans but recruiting a new generation.”
This focus on its lower sugar variants if an obvious attempt by Coca-Cola to tackle the introduction of the sugar tax in the UK. The tax is a government initiative to tackle obesity and means that drinks that contain 5g of sugar or more per 100ml now cost 18p more per litre, while those with 8g of sugar or more per 100ml will be charged 24p. This means a 330ml can of Coca-Cola now costs 8p more.
The impact of this can be seen in both value and volume sales of Diet Coke and Coca-Cola. Volume sales of both variants tracked very similarly in the months before the sugar tax but then begin to diverge, with Diet Coke volume sales increasing and classic Coke sales generally declining.
Volume sales of Diet Coke hit 11.47 million litres in the week ending 31 March 2018 and rose again to 11.49 million litres by the week ending 21 April. Classic Coke sales, by comparison, have fallen from 9 million litres at the end of February to a low of 6.7 million litres for the week ending 14 April.
IRI’s Carter says: “This volume gain can be associated with both the major focus on sugar reduction in the UK from government and the new Diet Coke media campaigns, with shoppers and consumers being bombarded with messages and responding accordingly.”
A spokesperson for Coca-Cola Great Britain tells Marketing Week: “We have recently invested significantly across the Coca-Cola range with new integrated marketing campaigns and new flavours of Coca-Cola Classic, Coca-Cola Zero Sugar and Diet Coke.
“We’re pleased to see these efforts paying off as we now have both the largest no-sugar cola brand (Diet Coke, Nielsen June 2018) and the fastest growing major no-sugar cola brand in Great Britain (Coca-Cola Zero Sugar, Nielsen June 2018).
“Our new Diet Coke flavours are performing well and are attracting new drinkers to the brand. Since launching in April, the new flavours have generated more than £7m in sales value.”
A small victory for Coca-Cola
The figures are a positive sign for Coca-Cola, proving that heavy investment into its low-sugar variants has, at least initially, paid off. The IRI figures show that while classic Coke sales by volume have declined since the focus at Coca-Cola shifted to promoting Diet Coke, this has been offset by the price increase, meaning that its value sales are up. Couple that with growing Diet Coke sales and the business seems to be navigating the changes in consumer tastes and sugar tax better than expected.
However, sales are still down year on year, suggesting it will increasingly need to find other ways to shore up its business outside fizzy drinks. And while YouGov’s figures show the advertising campaign has had a positive impact on consumer perceptions, building that into long-term loyalty and growth, as Howlett intended, is still a challenge.
IRI’s Carter explains: “Our opinion is that Coca-Cola volume has continued to decline year on year so that actually the change in formulation hasn’t changed that trend. What is has done is change people’s shopping habits. But has it changed Coca-Cola’s performance? From our point of view, no.”
The challenges do not stop there. Coca-Cola now has to compete with brands beyond its core competitors, with challenger soft drink brands, and flavoured waters and teas increasingly vying for consumers’ attention and money.
Coke is aware of this and the company has an objective that 50% of its revenue growth in Great Britain will come from innovation by 2020. It has already launched a number of new brands in the UK this year, including fruit drink Fuze Tea, to reduce its reliance on Coca-Cola.
However, as PepsiCo’s recent results highlight, the carbonated soft drinks market is waning, with Coke’s competitor relying on snacking to equal out its results.
Coca-Cola should be pleased it has navigated a very difficult start to 2018 well, but turning that into long-term success is not a given.
Yeah… drink chemicals instead….
RECENT FINDINGS: Although artificial sweeteners were developed as a sugar substitute to help reduce insulin resistance and obesity, data in both animal models and humans suggest that the effects of artificial sweeteners may contribute to metabolic syndrome and the obesity epidemic. Artificial sweeteners appear to change the host microbiome, lead to decreased satiety, and alter glucose homeostasis, and are associated with increased caloric consumption and weight gain.
Got to feel this is largely because they have been out of stock of the regular variety in many supermarket chains the past few weeks… coincidence that they wanted to improve their Diet vs. Standard sales?! Claiming this is due to their Diet Coke rebrand is a bit premature in my opinion…